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Avro

Avro_logo.jpg   A.V. Roe and Co. Ltd.


History

Edwin Alliott Verdon Roe (b. Patricroft, Manchester, 26 April 1877 - d. 4 January 1958), after a spell in Canada, became an apprentice at the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Locomotive Works, followed by another job in a boat yard. This led him to London University where he earned a degree in Marine Engineering. After time in the merchant marine, in 1902 Roe became a draughtsman in the motor car industry, but was keenly interested in flight and built many models in his spare time. In 1906 he took the post of Secretary to the Aero Club, but this was only to last a few days. Following a letter Roe had written to The Times, George Davidson gave him the post of draughtsman on the Davidson Air-Car monoplane he had designed. Davidson was financed by Lord Armstrong (of Armstrong-Whitworth) and it was decided to build the machine in America. Roe went out to Colorado in April 1906 and there created drawings for the Davidson machine.

In 1907 Roe returned to England, where Lord Northcliffe of the Daily Mail offered a prize of £75 for a model capable of sustained flight. Alliott took the prize and, thus encouraged, set out to design and built his own real aircraft. He set up shop in the stables behind the surgery belonging to his brother, Dr. S. Verdon Roe in Putney, London, the completed machine being taken to Brooklands, near Weybridge, for testing. There, the Roe 1 made short hops on June 8, 1908, but his flights were not registered officially by the Royal Aero Club and Lord Brabazon took the honour of registering first.

Having been evicted from the circuit, he started to build a radically different aeroplane. Roe found a new site at Walthamstow Marshes in East London (now part of the Lee Valley Regional Park) where he adapted two railway arches as a workshop. The resulting Triplane, erected with the assistance of E.V.B Fisher and R.L. Howard Flanders and fitted with a 9 h.p. JAP engine, created history on July 13, 1909 when the short ‘hops’ officially became ‘flights’, and by July 23 it had flown 900ft and A.V. Roe was recognised by the Aero Club as the first Englishman to design, build and fly an all-British aeroplane.

In November 1909, facing eviction from Walthamstow Marshes, Roe moved, first to Old Deer Park, Richmond, Surrey and then to Wembley Park, Middlesex. By now, Roe’s funds were getting low. His brother Humphrey Verdon Roe (b. April 18, 1879; d. July 25, 1949) was himself a successful businessman, and owner of Everard and Company of Brownsfield Mills, Manchester so, on January 1, 1910, with financial assistance from H.V., the private firm of A.V. Roe and Company was founded. The fledgling company was given engineering space at Brownsfield Mills and from then the company products were marketed under the trade name Avro. One of the design offices earliest employees was Roy Chadwick (b.March Hall Farm, nr Widnes, 1893; d.Woodford 23 August 1947) who went on to design many Avro types. Meanwhile, the management of Brooklands had undergone a change and this enabled Roe to leave Wembley Park and return there. Roe also set up a flying school at Brooklands but, with its increasing popularity as a flying centre, Roe was forced to leave Brooklands and moved the school to Shoreham, a site adjacent to the River Adur which made it ideal for land or water machines.

By early 1913, orders had grown considerably and this enabled the firm to reform as a limited company on January 11, 1913. By the following April they had outgrown Brownsfield Mills and moved into larger premises in Miles Platting. The outbreak of World War I saw a bigger surge in orders and even these new premises were inadequate. Fortunately, the nearby company of Mather & Platt had just completed a new extension and these premises were rented to became the Park Works of A.V. Roe. In order to have its own works, however, a large piece of land adjacent to the Park Works was acquired, although this, the Newton Heath Works, was not completed until the end of 1919.

In 1916, A. V. Roe purchased land in Hamble for the establishment of an aircraft factory on what became known as the South airfield. Land was also purchased in 1916 for the building of 24 houses for employees. Production and test flying started there late in 1917. Also joining the workforce at A.V. Roe at Hamble was Herbert John Louis Hinkler. The end of World War I saw an immediate cancellation in military orders resulting in severe financial problems. All main production moved to Manchester and, on a very much reduced staff, Hamble became an experimental aircraft department.

In August 1920 68.5% of the company's shares were acquired by nearby Crossley Motors who had an urgent need for more factory space for vehicle body building. In 1924, the Company left Alexandra Park Aerodrome in south Manchester where test flying had taken place during the period since 1918. A rural site to the south of the growing city was found at New Hall Farm, Woodford in Cheshire, which continues to serve aviation builders BAE Systems to this day. The same year Avro acquired land for the new north airfield at Hamble, which was opened for use in 1926. This airfield became the main site for flying as aircraft size increased and the south airfield was eventually closed in 1933. In 1928 Crossley Motors sold Avro to Armstrong Siddeley Holdings Ltd. and the same year, A.V.Roe resigned from the company he had founded and with S.E. Saunders formed Saunders Roe Limited of Cowes, Isle of Wight.

In January 1931, the Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Reserve School moved to Hamble from Whitley, near Coventry, and became Air Service Training Ltd. Finally in 1935 Avro became part of the Hawker Siddeley Aircraft Co. Ltd., after the amalgamation of the Armstrong Siddeley Development Co. Ltd. and the Hawker Aircraft Co. Ltd. but continued operating as A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd. with the trade name Avro.

On July 1, 1963 the A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd. company name (and the trade name Avro) disappeared as it, together with the Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft, Ltd., became part of the Avro Whitworth Division of Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Ltd. Subsequently all aircraft in production, known previously under the individual company names, became Hawker Siddeley products. The name Avro reappeared in 1993 when British Aerospace (into which Hawker Siddeley merged in 1977) centered its Regional Jet manufacturing at Woodford under the name of BAe Regional Aircraft Ltd., Avro International Aerospace Division, to manufacture the Avro RJ range, upgraded versions of the British Aerospace BAe 146 series. The name Avro International disappeared on January 1, 2001.

Company References
  1. Avro Aircraft Since 1908, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1965)
  2. Avro An Aircraft Album, E.A. Harlin and G.A. Jenks (Ian Allen, 1973)
  3. Avro, The History Of An Aircraft Company, H. Holmes (Airlife, 1994)
  4. The World of Wings and Things, Alliott Verdon-Roe (Arno Press, New York, 1980)



Avro Designations

Early Avro aircraft have been identified in reference works as Roe I Biplane, Roe I Triplane etc., although these designations do not seem to appear in the contemporay press and are unlikely to have been used by Roe or the fledgling company. The first proper designation applied to an Avro machine was the Type D of 1911, the first type produced in any quantity, and this alpha designation system continued in use up to the Type J project of 1913. The allocation of Types A, B & C is unknown but was presumably intended to be retroactively applied to some of the triplanes. The introduction of the Type E of 1912 led to the first orders from the Air Ministry, and Roe, considering this his first really successful machine, gave the production version the much more imposing designation of Type 500 (possibly thinking that such a high number gave a good impression of a successful company) and this system continued in use throughout the history of the company.




Project Data top

Project No
Type No
Name
Alternative Name(s)
Year
Spec (Requirement)
Status
Qty
Description
References
     Roe I Biplane    1908    Proto  1  1S, 1E biplane  1,2,5,11,23,24,335,901
     Roe I Triplane    1909    Proto  2  1S, 1E triplane  1,2,5,11,23,335,901
     Roe II Triplane  (Mercury)  1910    Prdn  2  1S, 1E triplane  1,2,5,11,23,24,335,901
     Roe III Triplane    1910    Prdn  4  2S, 1E triplane  1,2,5,11,23,335,901
     Roe IV Triplane    1910    Proto  1  2S, 1E triplane  1,2,5,11,23,335,901
     Monoplane    1910    Proj  0  2S, 1E monoplane  1,11,23
     Biplane    1910    Proj  0  2S, 1E biplane  11,23
     Farman Type (11)    1910    Prdn  1  2S, 1E monoplane  1,2,11,23,901
     Curtiss Type (11)    1911    Prdn  1  2S, 1E biplane  1,2,11,901
     Type D    1911    Prdn  7  1/ 2S, 1E biplane  1,2,5,11,23,335,583,584,901
     Duigan Biplane    1911    Proto  1  2S, 1E biplane  1,2,11,335,901
     Type E    1912    Prdn  1  2S, 1E tractor biplane.   1,2,3,4,5,11,901
   500      1912    Prdn  12  2S, 1E tractor biplane.   1,2,3,4,5,11,16,41,142,335,416,901
     Burga Monoplane (11)    1912    Proto  1  1S, 1E tractor monoplane  1,2,11,901
     Type F    1912    Proto  1  1S, 1E tractor cabin monoplane  1,2,5,11,335,901
     Type G    1912    Proto  1  2S, 1E tractor cabin monoplane  1,2,3,5,11,335,901
   501      1913    Proto  1  2S, 1E  tractor seaplane.  1,2,11,20,338,901
   502  Type Es    1913    Prdn  5  1S, 1E tractor biplane.  1,2,3,11,20,901
   503  Type G (12)    1913    Prdn  4  2S, 1E  tractor seaplane.  1,2,4,5,11,16,20,901
   504      1913   Various – see  Prdn  9965  2S, 1E tractor biplane.  1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10,11,12,13,16,17,18,19,20,21,25,39,40,
 41,75,76,82,89,110,125,143,307,308,351,369,370,381,
 419,427,428,441,454,456,457,458,530,901
   505  Not used              
   506  Type J    1913    Proj  0  Biplane seaplane gunship.   1,2,5,11,901
   507      1913    n/a  
 Set of mainplanes for a Mr. Leigh
 (1)
   508      1913    Proto  1  2S, 1E pusher biplane.  1,2,5,9,11,12,901
   509 (10)      1913    Proj  0  3S, 2E twin float pusher seaplane gun carrier.  1,2,11,423,901
   510      1914    Prdn  6  2S, 1E tractor seaplane  1,2,4,5,11,13,16,20,901
   511    (Arrowscout)  1914    Proto  1  1S, 1E biplane scout.  1,2,5,9,11,12,901
   512      1914    Proj  0  2S, 1E tractor biplane.  1,2,901
   513      1914    Proj  0  2S, 2E seaplane.  1,2,11,901
   514      1914    Proto  (1)  1S, 1E biplane racer.  1,2,11,901
   515      1914    Proj  0  2S biplane.  1,2,901
   516      1915    Proj  0  Tractor monoplane.  1,2,901
   517      1915    Proj  0  1S biplane.  1,2,901
   518      1915    Proj  0  1S, 1E biplane.  1,2,901
   519      1916    Proto  3  1S, 1E military biplane.  1,2,4,8,13,16,901
   520      1915    Proj  0  1S, 1E naval biplane.  1,2,901
   521      1916    Prdn  3  2S, 1E biplane fighter trainer.  1,2,3,4,9,12,89,142,901
   522      1916    Proto  1  2S, 1E army biplane.  1,2,111,901
   523  Pike    1916  See note 5  Proto  2   2E Army  biplane.  1,2,4,8,13,89,901
   524      1915    Proj  0  1S, 1E scout.  1,901
   525      1915  See note 5  Proj  0  1S ground attack fighter  1,2,901
   526      1915    Proj  0  1S ground attack fighter  1,2,901
   527      1915    Proto  1  2S, 1E Reconnaisance biplane.  1,2,4,89,142,901
   528    Silver King  1916    Proto  1  2S, 1E Naval biplane bomber.  1,2,8452,901
   529      1916  A.2(b) See note 6  Proto  2  2E biplane bomber.  1,2,4,8,13,901
   530      1916  A.2(a) See note 7  Proto  2  2S, 1E fighter biplane.  1,2,4,9,12,89,901
         1917  A2.(b)  Proj  0  3S, 3E triplane bomber.  (352)
         1917  A3.(b)  Proj  0  3S, 4E biplane bomber.  (352)
   531 (1) (8)      1917  A.1(a) See note 8  Proj  0  1S, 1E biplane fighter.  (352)
         1917  A2.(b) See note 9  Proj  0  2S day bomber.  (352)
   531 (2) (8)  Spider    1917    Proto  1  1S, 1E fighter.  1,2,4,12,89,392,901
   532      1918  RAF Types IIIA, IIIB
 and IVB
 Proj  0  2S recconnaisance fighter, artillery spotter or long range
 photo. a/c. 
 1,2,901
   533  Manchester    1918  A3.(b),  RAF Types
 IV, VI
 Proto  2  3S, 2E bomber / photo-recce fighter.  1,2,4,8,13,901
   534  Baby    1919    Prdn  9  1S, 1E light a/c  1,2,6,39,66,305,306,901
   535      1919    Proj  0  1E Transatlantic a/c.  1,2,901
   536      1919    Prdn  (26)  5S joy-ride version of Type 504K.  1,2,901
   537      1919    Proj  0  2E, 10S passenger a/c.   1,2,901
   538      1919    Proto  1   1S, 1E civil version of Type 531.  1,6,901
   539      1919    Proto  1   1S, 1E racing seaplane.  1,2,6,39,85,395,901
   540      1919    Prdn   (??)  Gunnery trainer version of type 504K.   1,901
   541      1919  RAF Type XXI  Proj  0  1E twin float recconnaissance seaplane.  1,2,901
   542      1919    Proj  0  1E, 6S passenger a/c  1,2,901
   543  Baby    1920    Proto  1  2S, 1E light a/c
 See Type 534
   544  Baby    1919    Proj  0  2S variant of Type 543.
 See Type 534
   545      1919    Proto  (1)  Type 504K with Curtiss OX-5 engine.  1,2,901
   546      1919    Proto  (1)  4S cabin version of Type 504K.  1,2,13,901
   547      1919    Proto  2  4S cabin triplane.  1,2,6,39,40,901
   548      1919    Prdn  (39)  3S variant of Type 504K  1,2,6,39,41,901
   549  Aldershot    1920  2/20, 10/23  Proto  17  1E bomber  1,2,8,13,17,323,324,901
         1920  DofR Type 3  Proj  0  1E long range photo reconnaissance monoplane  (352)
         1920  DofR Type 3A  Proj  0  1E corps reconnaissance biplane  (352)
         1921  DofR Type 6  Proj  0  1S, 1E amphibian biplane fleet fighter  (352)
   550      1922    Proj  0  See note 1  1,815,901
   551 (2)      1920    Proto  (1)  2S, 1E training biplane  1,901
   552      1921    Prdn  14(28)  2S, 1E training biplane.  1,2,10,39,901
   553      1920    Proj  0  Training version of Type 548.  1,2,901
   554  Antarctic Baby    1920    Proto  1  1S, 1E light a/c
 See Type 534
   555  Bison    1921   Various – see  Prdn  56  1E fleet gunnery spotter.  1,2,16,17,378,442,901
   556      1921  16/22  Proj  0  2E coastal defence torpedo a/c.  1,2,901
   557 (3)      1921    Proj  0  1E parasol monoplane based on Type 552 fuselage.  1,2,901
   557  Ava    1922  16/22  Proto  2  2E coastal defence torpedo a/c.  1,2,8,13,901
   558      1923    Proto  2   1S, 1E lightweight biplane.  1,2,6,66,316,901
   559      1923    Proj  0  1S, 1E lightweight monoplane  1,901
   560      1923  44/23  Proto  1  1S, 1E lightweight monoplane  1,2,39,66,317,901
   561  Andover    1923  29/23  Prdn  3  1E military ambulance.  1,2,6,17,901
   562  Avis    1924    Proto  1  2S, 1E light biplane.  1,2,6,39,66,318,901
   563  Andover    1924    Prdn  1  1E 12 seat commercial biplane.
 See Type 561
   564      1924    Proj  0  2S, 1E fighter monoplane.  1,2,901
           5A/24  Proj  0  2S, 1E floatplane training biplane  352
   565      1924    Proj  0  2S, 1E fighter monoplane.  1,2,901
   566  Avenger    1925  7/24, 9/26  Proto  1  1S, 1E fighter.  1,2,6,9,12,901
   567  Avenger II    1925    Proto  (1)  1S, 1E fighter.
 See Type 566
   568      1925    Proj  0  1S all-metal fighter  1,2,901
   569  Avenger    1925    Proj  0  Avenger with wings of RAF 30 section  1,901
   570      1925    Proj  0  1S seaplane fighter.  1,901
   571  Buffalo    1926  21/23  Proto  1  2S, 1E torpedo carrier.  1,2,6,8,13,331,332,901
   572  Buffalo II    1926    Proto  (1)  Conversion of Type 571
 See Type 571
   573      1926  26/24  Proj  0  3E commercial biplane.  1,2,901
   574      1926  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.6C
   575      1926  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.6D
   576      1926  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.9
   577      1926    Proj  0  2S general purpose biplane.  1,901
   578      1926    Proj  0  2S general purpose seaplane version of Type 577.  1,901
   579      1926    Proj  0  Type 562 with wings of RAF 15 section  1,901
   580      1926  8/25  Proj  0  4E heavy bomber.  1,2,(352),901
   581  Avian    1926    Proto  1  2S, 1E light biplane.  1,2,6,39,110,343,417,455,456,532,800,901
   582      1926    Proto  (1)  Type 504N with wings of RAF 30 aerofoil section.  1,2,901
   583      1926    Proj  0  1S, 1E fighter dev. of Type 566  1,901
   584  Avocet    1926  17/25  Proto  2  1S shipboard fighter.  1,2,9,12,901
   585      1926    Proto  (1)  2S biplane.  1,901
   586      1926  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.8V
   587      1926  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.8R
   588      1926    Proj  0  Monoplane variant of Type 581  1,2,901
   589      1926    Proj  0  Seaplane variant of Type 581.  1,2,901
   590      1926    Proj  0  2S, 1E army co-operation a/c  1,2,901
   591      1926    Proj  0  2S, 1E army co-operation a/c  1,2,901
   592      1926    Proj  0  2S, 1E army co-operation a/c  1,2,901
   593      1926    Proj  0  2S, 1E seaplane fighter.  1,2,901
   594  Avian I    1927    Prdn  191  2S, 1E light biplane.
 See Type 581
   595    CN.2  1927  O.22/26  Proj  0  2S land or seaplane recce fighter  1,2,901
   596    CN.1  1927    Proj  0  3S bomber version of Type 595.  1,2,901
   597      1927    Proj  0  2S light bomber - dev. of Type 571  1,2,901
   598  Warregull Mk.I    1927    Proj  0  2S trainer  1,2,901
   599  Warregull Mk.II    1927    Proj  0  2S trainer  1,2,901
   600      1927    Proj  0  Avian with wings of RAF 15 aerofoil.  1,2,901
   601      1927    Proj  0  2S, 1E reconnaisance landplane  1,2,901
   602      1927    Proj  0  1S, 1E fighter dev. of Type 566  1,2,901
   603      1927    Proj  0  3E 8 passenger monoplane  1,2,901
   604  Antelope    1927  12/26  Proto  1   2S, 1E high performance bomber  1,2,8,13,402,902
   605  Avian    1927    Prdn  3(1)  Seaplane version of Avian.
 See Type 581
   606      1927  14/26, R.4/27  Proj  0  3E monoplane flying boat  1,2,807,826,902
   607      1927  14/26, R.4/27  Proj  0  3E monoplane flying boat  1,2,826,902
   608  Hawk    1927    Proj  0  2S, 1E fighter biplane.  1,402,902
         1927  M.5/28  Proj  0  2S, 1E ship borne torpedo bomber  (352)
   609      1927    Proj  0  3S, 1E general purpose seaplane  1,2,902
   610  Saloon    1928  19/28  Proj  0  1E, 5 passenger cabin a/c  1,2,902
   611      1928  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.8L Mk.II
   612      1928  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.17 Mk.I
   613      1928  B.19/27  Proj  0  2E night bomber  1,2,902
   614      1928    Proj  0  3E commercial landplane monoplane.  1,2,902
   615      1928    Proj  0  3E commercial seaplane monoplane.  1,2,902
   616  Avian IV    1928    Prdn  194   Metal fuselage version of Type 594  See Type 581
   617      1928  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.8L Mk.III
   618  Ten  Achilles  1928    Prdn  14   3E commercial monoplane.  1,2,6,40,319,373,902
         1929  6/29  Proj  0  2E, 10 pax monoplane airliner  (352)
   619  Five    1929    Prdn  4(2)  3E commercial monoplane.  1,2,6,40,319,373,902
   620      1929  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.17 Mk.II
   621  Tutor    1929  Prdn  575   2S, 1E basic trainer.  1,2,6,14,17,39,91,113,309,353,440,456,902
   622  Hawk    1930    Proj  0  2S, 1E fighter biplane.  1,402,902
   623      1930    Prdn  3   3S, 1E survey variant of Type 621  1,2,902
   624  Six    1930    Prdn  3   6 seat variant of Type 619  1,2,6,40,319,373,456,902
   625  Avian Monoplane    1930    Prdn  2   1S, 1E Avian monoplane racing a/c
 See Type 581
   626      1930    Prdn  200   2S, 1E advanced trainer  1,2,6,17,25,41,91,110,113,456,902
   627  Mailplane    1930    Proto  1   1S, 1E biplane.  1,2,6,400,401,402,403,902
   628    Five Mk.III  1930    Proj  0  1E mail carrier derived from Type 619.  1,2,902
   629      1930  21/28  Proj  0  1E mail carrier derived from Type 619.  1,(352),902
   630      1931    Proj  0  Day bomber variant of Type 627.  1,2,902
         1931  M.1/30  Proj  0  2S, 1E ship borne torpedo bomber  (34)
   631  Cadet    1931    Prdn  36   2S, 1E light trainer.  1,2,6,39,371,455,456,467,902
   632      1932  S.9/30  Proj  0  1E Fleet torpedo recce a/c.  1,2,902
   633  Cadet Fighter    1932    Proj  0  1S, 1E fighter variant of Type 631  1,2,902
   634      1932    Proj  0  2S, low-wing monoplane.  1,2,902
   635      1932    Proj  0  3S, 1E cabin monoplane.  1,2,902
   636      1934    Proj  0  2S, 1E advanced fighter trainer.  1,2,6,902
   637      1933    Prdn  8   General purpose variant of Type 626.  1,2,6,902
   638  Club Cadet    1933    Prdn  15   2S, 1E light trainer.
 See Type 631
   639  Cabin Cadet    1933    Proto  1   2S, 1E cabin variant of Type 631.
 See Type 631
   640  Cadet    1933    Prdn  9   3S, 1E joy riding variant of Type 631
 See Type 631
   641  Commodore    1933    Prdn  6   5S, 1E cabin biplane.  1,2,6,39,40,371,531,902
   642  Eighteen    1933  11/30  Prdn  2   2E/4E commercial monoplane  1,2,6,40,319,902
   643  Cadet    1933    Prdn  69   2S, 1E light trainer dev of Type 631
 See Type 631
   644      1933    Proj  0  2S, 1E reconnaisance bomber.  1,2,902
   645      1933    Proj  0  6S, 2E, passenger a/c  1,2,902
   646  Sea Tutor    1933  26/32, 26/34  Prdn  15   2S, 1E seaplane variant of Type 621.
 See Type 621
   647      1933    Proj  0  6S, 2E commercial monoplane.  1,2,902
   648      1933    Proj  0  6S, 2E commercial monoplane.  1,2,902
   649      1933    Proj  0  4E, 17 seat commercial seaplane.  1,2,902
   650      1933    Proj  0  4E, 8 seat  variant of  Type 642/4m.  1,2,902
   651      1933    Proj  0  3E high wing monoplane.  1,2,902
   652    Avalon  1933    Prdn  3   2E commercial monoplane  1,2,6,40,319,465,902
   652A  Anson    1934  Prdn  11019   2E coastal patrol or training aircraft.  1,2,6,8,13,16,17,21,25,35,41,42,44,68,73,79,91,110,
 112,113,124,140,310,327,361,367,380,425,438,460,
 466,475,900,902
   653      1933    Proj  0  4E long range seaplane biplane.  1,2,902
   654      1933    Proto  (1)  Type 627 conv. as engine test-bed.  1,402,902
   655      1933    Proj  0  2E bomber.  1,2,902
   656      1933    Proj  0  2E bomber.  1,2,902
   657  Tiger    1933    Proj  0  2S fighter.  1,2,809,902
   658      1933    Proj  0  3S, 1E commercial monoplane.  1,2,902
   659      1934    Proj  0  2E low wing monoplane.  1,2,902
   660      1934    Pro(n)  1   2E low wing monoplane.  1,464,902
   661      1934  15/34
Avro Type No for Parnall Parasol wings
   662      1934    Proj  0  Development of Type 621.  1,2,902
   663  Cadet Trainer    1934    Proj  0  Development of Type 631.  1,2,902
   664      1934    Proj  0  2E recce monoplane.  1,2,902
   665      1934  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.33
   666      1934  O.27/34 (OR.15)  Proj  0  1E fighter/dive bomber.  1,2,902
   667  (Always referred to as  Type 636)  1935    Prdn  4   2S, 1E adv. fighter trainer - re-engined Type 636  1,2,902
   668      1935  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.37
   669      1935    Proj  0  Development of Type 621.  1,2,902
   670      1935  A.39/34 (OR.18)  Proj  0  Army co-operation a/c  1,2,902
   671  Rota    1935  
Avro Type No for Cierva C.30A
   672      1935  G.24/35 (OR.25),
 M.15/35
 Proj  0  2E recconnaissance a/c  1,50,352,816,902
   673      1935    Proj  0  2E advanced gunnery trainer.  1,2,902
   674      1936  
 Avro Type No for Hawker Audax fitted with A.W. Panther VIA powerplant.
   675      1936  G.24/35 (OR.25),
 M.15/35
 Proj  0  2E recconnaissance a/c  1,50,352,398,816,902
   676      1936  T.6/36 (OR.34)  Proj  0  2S, 1E low-wing advanced trainer.  1,2,902
   677      1936  T.6/36 (OR.34)  Proj  0  2S, 1E low-wing advanced trainer.  1,2,902
         1936  10/36 (OR.38)  Proj  0  2E recconnaissance a/c  50
   678      1936    Proj  0  1E fighter a/c using twin airscrews.  1,2,50,142,902
   679  Manchester    1937  P.13/36, 19/37  Prdn  202   2E heavy bomber.  1,2,8,13,17,43,50,63,69,77,90,91,103,104,136,300,350,
 528,822,902
   680      1939  B.1/39  Proj  0  4E heavy bomber  1,2,50,902
   681      1940  B.3/40 (?)  Proj  0  High speed bomber project  1,50,352,902
   682      1940  B.3/40 (?)  Proj  0  High speed bomber project  1,50,352,902
   683  Lancaster    1940    Prdn  7377   4E Heavy bomber.  1,2,6,8,10,13,15,17,26,33,36,38,44,46,50,54,65,70,71,
 73,77,78,80,83,87,88,90,91,94,95,96,97,98,103,104,
 114,117,118,119,127,128,129,131,134,137,138,139,
 301,319,330,339,341,349,375,388,420,459,469,470,
 533,812,900,902
         1940  B.20/40  Proj  0  Close support bomber  50
   684      1941    Proj  0  4E Stratosphere bomber.  50,802,902
   685  York    1942  C.1/42, 19/44  Prdn  257   4E transport.  1,2,6,10,17,38,44,47,65,72,91,133,315,322,338,347,
 365,366,421,439,443,459,471,529,902
       '75-ton bomber'  1942    Proj  0  8E heavy bomber  50
       '100-ton bomber'  1942    Proj  0  10E heavy bomber  821
   686      1944    Proj  0  High altitude bomber.  1,2,902
   687    Avro XX  1944    Proj  0  4E, 12-24 pass. airliner for the Empire trunk routes.  1,2,902
   688  Tudor  Avro XX  1944  Various – see  Prdn  22   4E airliner (short fuselage variant)  1,2,6,63,303,304,325,354,368,372,374,461,462,463,472,
 474,478,902
   689  Tudor  Avro XXI  1943  Various – see  Prdn  11   4E airliner (long fuselage variant)
 See Type 688
   690    Avro XXII, Avro 22  1944  6/45  Proj  0  6E long range airliner to Brabazon III  1,62,352,902
   691  Lancastrian  Mailplane  1944  16/44  Prdn  82   4E passenger/transport  1,2,6,17,38,73,77,314,320,433,436,476,902
   692    Avro XXIII, Avro 23  1944  6/45  Proj  0  6E long range airliner to Brabazon III  1,62,902
   693      1944  6/45  Proj  0  4E jet transport to Brabazon IIIA.  1,62,352,810,902
   694  Lincoln    1943  B.14/43  Prdn  624   4E long range heavy bomber.  1,2,8,13,15,17,36,44,50,54,65,74,77,90,91,93,100,103,
 123,328,329,336,342,346,348,413,426,473,482,483,
 484 - 526,825,902
   695  Lincolnian    1946    Proj  0  Freighter variant of Type 694  1,2,6902
   696  Shackleton    1946  Various – see  Prdn  191   4E maritime reconnaisance bomber.  1,2,8,13,17,27,48,50,55,77,99,101,106,109,120,121,135,
 337,344,345,379,390,397,430,451,480,902
   697      1947  2/47  Proj  0  Medium range empire airliner.  1,56,62,902
   698  Vulcan    1947  Various – see  Prdn  135   4E heavy bomber.  1,2,8,13,17,28,31,45,48,51,52,53,54,55,59,60,67,81,84,
 87,102,105,107,115,116,122,126,130,132,311,312,313,
 333,334,355,359,377,391,404,405,410,429,437,444,445,
 446,447,448,449,450,451,527,828,902
           (OR.230)  Proj  0  4E heavy bomber - larger version of Type 698  48
   699      1947    Proj  0  60 seat variant of the Type 689 for BEA.  1,2,902
   700      1945    Proj  0  2E, 12 seat feeder liner.  1,62,902
   701  Athena    1946  T.7/45, 47/46/P  Prdn  22   2S, 1E advanced trainer.  1,2,17,65,356,357,431,477,479,902
   702      1945    Proj  0  Aircrew trainer to RCAF Spec. 4/10.  1,2,902
   703      1947    Proj  0  36 seat  jet transport for  TCA.  1,62,902
   704      1947    Proj  0  2S, 2E advanced jet trainer.  1,2,902
   705      1947    Proj  0  4E jet transport, based on Type 688 with tricycle u/c.  1,62,902
   706  Ashton    1947    Proto  6   4E experimental variant of Tudor.  1,2,29,86,326,340,354,399,434,481,902
   707      1948  E.15/48, E.10/49  Proto  5   Delta-winged research a/c.  1,2,22,28,29,31,48,53,60,64,86,102,302,321,355,376,
 383,527,585,823,902
   708      1948  5/48  Proj  0  4E, 30 seat long range empire airliner.  1,62,902
   709      1948  5/48  Proj  0  Long range empire airliner. Variant of type 689  1,62,902
   710      1948  E.11/49  Proj  0  Half scale model of Type 698.    1,2,48,355,383,902
   711  Trader    1948  23/48  Proj  0  4E, 36 seat development of Tudor IV.  1,62,902
   712  Lincoln    1948  OR.259  Proj  0  Met. survey variant of Type 694  1,2,902
   713  Shackleton    1949    Proj  0  Meteorological survey variant of Type 696  1,2,902
   714      1949  T.16/48  Proj  0  2S, 1E basic jet trainer  1,2,902
   715      1950    Proj  0  4E, 8/10 seat charter a/c  1,62,902
   716  Shackleton Mk.3    1950    Proj  0  Shackleton MR.3 development  1,2,13,48,55,902
   717  Lincoln    1951    Proj  0  Proposed Nomad engine test aircraft.  1,2,55,902
   718      1951    Proj  0  4E military jet transport  1,2,56,364,902
   719  Shackleton Mk.4    1951    Proj  0  Shackleton MR.3  with 4 Nomad engines  1,2,48,55,902
   720      1951  F.124T, F.137D  Pro(n)    Mixed powerplant interceptor.  1,2,9,12,29,49,59,64,358,360,808,902
   721      1952  B.126T
 (OR.314/OR.324)
 Proj  0  4E low-level bomber.  1,2,48,59,359,902
   722  Atlantic    1952    Proj  0  4E long range 113 seat airliner, based on  Type 698.  1,62,801,902
   723      1953    Proj  0  4E DC-3 replacement a/c.  1,2,62
           ER.143T  Proj  0  1S VTOL research aircraft based on Type 707B  1,361,384
   724      1953    Proj  0  2E VTOL interceptor.  1,2,49,141,902
   725      1953  T.147 (OR.318)  Proj  0  1E advanced trainer based on Type 720.  1,2,808,824,902
   726      1953    Proj  0  1E turbojet delta night fighter based on Type 720.  1,2,49,808,902
   727      1954    Proj  0  1E turbojet ground attack a/c, based on Type 720, or 4E, 48 lift E, VTOL bomber  1,2,48,53,64,808,814,902
   728      1955    Proj  0  Mixed power Naval interceptor. Based on Type 720.  1,2,49,59,808,902
   729      1955  F.155T (OR.329)  Proj  0  1E all-weather fighter.  1,49,362,827,902
   730      1955  R.156T
 (OR.330/OR.333)
 Proj  0  8E stainless steel supersonic bomber.  1,2,31,48,51,53,59,64,363,803,902
   731      1955  ER.180D  Proj  0  2E flying scale 3/8 model of Type 730.  1,2,48,367,902
   732      1956    Proj  0  4E supersonic bomber.  1,2,48,902
   733      1956  OR.323
 Avro designed mainplanes for A.W. Argosy
   734      1956    Proj  0  Radio-controlled decoy a/c.   1,2,53,902
   735      1956    Proj  0  8E, 100 seat supersonic airliner.  1,62,902
   736      1956    Proj  0  2/4E turboprop transport transport.  1,62,902
   737      1957    Proj  0  4E S TOL transport a/c.  1,62,902
   738      1957    Proj  0  Projected weapons system  1,48,902
   739      1957  GOR.339  Proj  0  Low-level supersonic strike a/c  1,32,48,382,902
   740      1957    Proj  0  3E, 105 passenger medium range airliner  1,59,62,424,902
   741      1957    Proj  0  2E executive jet.  1,62,902
   742      1957    Proj  0  3E jet-flap a/c  1,62,902
   743      1957    Proj  0  4E long range military freighter.  1,62,902
   744      1957    Proj  0  Nuclear powered a/c study  1,902
   745      1957  NBMR-2  Proj  0  Coastal recce & comms a/c.  1,2,48,55,902
   746      1957  ER.189D  Proj  0  1E jet-flap research a/c.  1,2,56,819,902
   747      1957    Proj  0  2E high wing transport.  1,62,902
   748      1958    Prdn  350   2E low wing transport.  1,2,7,25,37,47,55,58,61,108,386,387,389,394,396,406,
 407,408,409,411,412,414,415,418,422,432,435,453,
 461,804,820,902
   749      1958    Proj  0  VTOL fan lift transport to  BEA spec.  1,62,902
   750      1958    Proj  0  2/4E, 50-80 seat jet airliner.  1,62,902
   751      1958    Proj  0  3E, 40-60 seat jet airliner.  1,62,902
   752      1958    Proj  0  VTOL assault a/c  1,2,48,902
   753      1958    Proj  0  2E high wing freighter using Type 745 wing.  1,62,902
   754      1958    Proj  0  2E low wing civil transport using Type 745 wing.  1,62,902