& Alliance Aeroplane Company Ltd.
Alliance Aeroplane Company Ltd.
During 1918, responding to pressures for aircraft manufacture,
Samuel Waring, the owner of the furniture manufacturer Waring & Gillow and the Nieuport & General Aircraft Company, formed the Alliance Aeroplane Company. The main factory was located at Hammersmith and, to provide a flying
field, absorbed the Ruffy, Arnell and Baumann Aviation Company, along with their premises at Acton Aerodrome. In the last year of the First World War, the Alliance Aeroplane Company assisted
in the building of several hundred biplanes and triplanes for the de Havilland and Handley-Page aircraft companies. The first aircraft to bear the Alliance name was the last product of the old Ruffy,
Arnell and Baumann company, their Elementary Trainer, improved and renamed the Alliance P.1.
The end of
Word War I brought wholesale cancellations of military contracts, so Alliance turned to producing civil aircraft. They engaged
the services of J.A. Peters, designer of the Robey-Peters Fighting Machine and produced a long distance machine, the P.2 Seabird. It made a record
non-stop flight to Madrid in July, 1919, but a second machine, indended for an attempted flight to Australia, crashed in november
1919, killing all on board. This failure ended the aspirations of the Alliance Company and, although the factory remained
in the hands of Waring & Gillow until 1945, Alliance closed in 1920.
The Story of Acton Aerodrome and The Alliance Factory,
A.H. Goodlet (London Borough of Ealing Library Service, 1978)
| || P.1
1E training biplane || 1 |
| || P.2 || Seabird
1E long endurance biplane || 1,2,3 |
- British Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol
1, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)
- British Commercial Aircraft, Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume (GMS Enterprises,
- Flight 15 May 1919
P1; One aircraft only : K-159 / G-EAGK, c/n P1,
registered to the Alliance Aeroplane Co. Ltd.
P2; Two aircraft only :
K-160 / G-EAGL, c/n P2, registered to
the Alliance Aeroplane Co. Ltd. Intended for first trans-Atlantic flight (abandoned).
G-EAOX, c/n P.2 Australian, built
for the England to Australia flight and named "Endeavour". Took off from Hounslow on 13 November 1919, but ten minutes
later it spun out of a cloud and crashed in Surbiton, Surrey.
Total Alliance Production 3
Civil Aircraft Since 1919, Vol 1, A.J. Jackson (Putnam, 1973)